Axel Honneth’s The Struggle for Recognition develops an empirically anchored theory of social conflict based on Hegel’s theory of recognition. In this book, he. Axel Honneth has produced a useful and convincing account of the “struggle for recognition.” Honneth comes from a study of Habermas rather than Kojève, but. View Axel Honneth, Honneth, the Struggle for Recognition Research Papers on for free.

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While redistribution secures the objective condition of such an ideal, recognition safeguards its intersubjective condition Fraser a, The article reconstructs Axel Honneth’s attempt to reformulate the original model of immanent critique of the first generation of Frankfurt’s School.

Most discussions in moral and political philosophy can be seen as disputes over what it means to recognize the other as equal, i. Again others have held onto the idea of group identities for political reasons demanding secure exit-options for individual members or have favored rainbow coalitions. Rethinking Misrecognition and Struggles for Recognition: However, even if attitudes and acts of recognition are a much more ambivalent blessing than might have been presumed at first sight, recognition theory does not only illuminate the complexity of our normative thinking but also provides a strong argument that such normative considerations are an ineradicable part of our social world.

However, human beings never create their world or the reasons they use from scratch. Individuals respond to injustice in varied ways other than organized political action, and this is significant for critical theory.

Recognition presupposes a subject of recognition the recognizer and an object the recognized. The major emancipatory movements of the last two centuries—for instance the women’s or the civil rights movement in the US—fought for equal respect and adel. However, even less extreme forms of mistreating persons manifest disrespect.

In contrast, in many of the contemporary social struggles persons or groups demand recognition of specific e. However, this still leaves open the question of how radical such strugggle critique can be, i.

Recognition (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Moving from the lesson of Habermas, Honneth clarified the socio-theoretical, philosophical and political problems that underlied this model of social criticism, but he also defended it as a valid alternative to other models of social criticism, which are prevalent today. The concern is that because the need for recognition renders persons utterly dependent on the dominating societal norms it may undermine the identity of any critic. Certainly, citizens frequently speak as if their state was disrespected by another state but it remains to be seen whether these citizens are in fact merely indignant about their government being disrespected or they themselves as members of the state.


On account of our intersubjectively acquired identity we have a psychological need to be recognized as having the normative status we deem to deserve.

Axel Honneth

It is these three dimensions of the modern recognition order—which reach back to Hegel’s treatment of the subject—that have been primarily analyzed in the discussion critical Fraser b, — According to this view, those who fail to experience adequate recognition, i.

The latter reading emphasizes that by affirming a valuable feature recogjition any entity i. Axel Honneth, The Struggle for Recognition.

Honneth and I had a lively debate in which I gained considerable appreciation for his work, although without abandoning my criticisms. Most of those who endorse the relevance aexl love also stress the importance of the affective dimension for all subsequent forms of recognition HonnethC. Honneth’s critical adaptation of these is the basis of his critical social theory, which attempts to remedy the deficits of previous approaches.

It hereby takes into account the fact of reasonable pluralism.

The Struggle for Recognition: The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts – Axel Honneth – Google Books

In each case, instances of the failure of recognition constitute a kind of insult or threat rcognition a struggle to overcome the attack which in turn brings about a development in the corresponding form of life. These three elements, recognition, tolerance, and redistribution together create a trustful social fabric; ignoring distribution seriously diminishes the significance of the other two. This world- and self-trust is taken to later enable the child to value her own projects and align the role standards that grow increasingly more complicated in the course of her development and to critically question them MeadHabermas MIT Presspp.

Kantians—and liberals more generally—usually concentrate on the reccognition dimension of the modern recognition order, i.

Help Center Find new research papers in: Hegel develops this latter thought most systematically in his mature Philosophy of Right. Moral Grammar of Social Conflictsthe recognition concept is derived mainly from G.


First, some have argued that it is impossible to find culturally neutral criteria of merit Young— Skip to main content. One way to make progress then is to criticize problematic ways of thinking of and relating to others’ characteristics by pointing to already established principles of recognition. Additionally, some of the social conditions that make it more challenging to succeed in intimate relations can be improved politically.

They argue that the social practices of recognition in which subjects live already provide them with all the normative resources needed to criticize and transcend these practices. This is, for example, valid for inflexible or very long working hours for parents and bad rcognition care offers, for strutgle of high mobility which endanger intimate relationships, or for the cultural patterns that devalue reciprocity between partners, e.

The somewhat vague concept of recognition is unpacked into three distinct kinds of recognition, which support three distinct stages in the development of individuals, each with quite different social and political implications.


Finally, there seems to be an aporia as the alleged solution to equally value and promote all cultures may be no solution at all: As becomes especially clear in the Phenomenology: Only by recognition and social justice, it would be possible to effectively implement fundamental rights in the context of our current democracy.

Mirror Sites View this site from another server: The investigative route starts with a conceptual analysis, supported mainly in the theoretical constructions of Judith Butler on gender performativity and abjection.

Log In Sign Up. It only spells out the intersubjective conditions which provide everybody with the chance to live the life they want to lead be it autonomously chosen or notnamely in a social environment where this life is either adequately recognized or at least not looked upon derogatively Honneth Recently, there have been attempts to introduce the notion of recognition into the field of International Relations, beyond the common usage of a legal recognition of states.

As especially fitting examples Fraser refers to groups categorized along the lines of gender or race. University of Chicago Press.